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Nikos Kazantzakis

نيكوس كازانتزاكيس


A Greek writer, poet and thinker, owner of the famous Greek icon Zorba, in addition to a number of other famous novels, such as “Christ is crucified again”.

About Nikos Kazantzakis

Nikos Kazantzakis is a Greek writer, poet and thinker who lived in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He studied at the universities of Athens and Paris, then visited many countries around the world, but soon returned and settled on the Aegean island during World War II. Literary and philosophical.

Kazatzakis is the author of many novels which have gained great fame around the world and in the Arab world in particular, and one of his most important novels is “The Greek Zorba”, which has turned into a film starring international actor Anthony Quinn. He also wrote the novel “Christ is crucified again” and the novel “Enemy Brothers”. , In addition to dozens of other literary works that have enriched world literature.

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The beginnings of Nikos Kazantzakis

Nikos Kazantzakis was born in Heraklion, Crete, on February 18, 1883, to his father, Michael Kazantzakis, a fodder merchant, and his mother, Maria Kazantzakis, and he was raised in a family of four brothers, including the eldest, his brother Yorgos died young, and he has two sisters Anastasia and Elene.

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In 1902 he received his studies at the University of Athens at the Faculty of Law, and completed his studies in 1907, then went to the University of Paris, where he studied philosophy under the supervision of Professor Bergson, in 1909 , and presented his philosophical thesis on Nietzsche under the title “Friedrich Nietzsche in the Philosophy of Law and the State”.

Achievements of Nikos Kazantzakis

After completing his studies, Kazantzakis returned to Greece and in 1906 he published his first book, Ophis Kai KrinoK, and his first play Xemeronei, but he quickly traveled to many countries of the world visiting Egypt and Cyprus. , then settled on the Aegean Island during the World War. The second, as he was appointed in 1919, as director general of the Greek Ministry of Public Welfare, but he resigned after only a year, during which he helped the children of the victims of the war in Greece.

In 1914 he wrote his manuscript “Sufism” and the book is considered the basic vision of the writer as a poet and thinker. His visit to the Holy Mountain, Eios Urus in northern Greece, accompanied by his friend, the poet Skylianus, had a great influence on the writing of this book, but the book was finalized between 1922 and 1923 in the German capital Berlin and the book were printed in 1927.

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He also wrote the first version of the novel “About the Buddha” and completed it in 1956. As for the novel “Christ Crucified Again”, which he wrote in 1948, it was only about a fictional text based on a poem he wrote in 1921 under the title “Christ”. As for his famous novel “Zorba” The Greek “which he wrote between 1941 and 1943, it is the result of his influence with the real character Zorba Alexei Zorba, who met him in the south of Greece in the Peloponnese in 1917 “.

He also wrote an autobiography under the title “Greco”, translated into Greek “Faust Goethe” and “Dante’s Inferno”, and the most important books of Nietzsche, in addition to this he translated “The Iliad and the Odyssey “from the ancient Greek language into the modern Greek language, to later write his own Odyssey, Which consists of 33,333 houses, and he considered it an epic, he called the saga of the white tribe, and he started it from where Homer’s Odyssey ended.

In 1946, he was nominated by the Society of Greek Writers for the Nobel Prize in Literature, but lost to Albert Camus by one vote, and Camus declared that Kazantzakis deserved a vote.

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Kazantzakis was influenced by the ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche and his teacher Bergson, and confirmed that he was also influenced by the hero Odyssey Odysseus and Alexei Zorba. Kazantzakis has been faithful and sincere in his visions and experiences, and has remained an advocate for his vision of peace amid all the violence the world has witnessed during this time, especially World War II, and as a result. , he won the peace prize awarded to him by the World Peace Council in 1956, in 2007. The fiftieth anniversary of his death. Kazantzakis minted a commemorative coin with his image printed on it.

The most famous words of Nikos Kazantzakis

Personal life of Nikos Kazantzakis

In 1911 he married Galatia Alexio, they stayed together for fifteen years, then separated in 1926. In 1945 he married his girlfriend Eleni Samiu on her travels, and they remained together until her death in 1957.

The death of Nikos Kazantzakis

Nikos Kazantzakis died in Germany in Freiburg on October 26, 1957, after suffering from leukemia, and was buried in Heraklion on the island of Crete. The following sentence was engraved on his gravestone: “I do not covet something, I am free from something.”

Some facts about Nikos Kazantzakis

The main characteristics of the composition for Nikos Kazantzakis are to describe the experience he wants to write.

He communicated constantly by letters with the great Indian chief Mahatma Gandhi.

The Vatican has blacklisted its book “The Last Seduction of Christ”.

The Orthodox Church refused to bury him in its cemetery.

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