The subject of Arabic grammar is one of the most important lessons in the Arabic language, which makes it possible to understand many grammar lessons. So that we can understand it accurately.
Subject in Arabic grammar
It is a high noun which comes after the verb; To designate who acted, that is, who acted, or where the action occurred.
As a result, the following is evident:
- It’s a noun, not a verb.
- He must be raised and cannot in any case stand up or be trained.
- Its position in the sentence follows the position of the verb, and the reverse is not allowed; Because in doing so, he becomes a beginner, not a subject.
- The topic comes for a specific purpose in the sentence, so it is common to clarify who performs an action or event, and this also refers to who specializes in the occurrence of the action.
Illustrative examples:إقرأ أيضا:Gal Gadot to play Cleopatra again with Patty Jenkins
- The boy broke the cup.
|is broken down||The past is built on conquest.|
|the boy||The actor has already raised, and the sign has raised apparent Damma.|
|The mug||The accusative object is the accusative and the accusative sign is the apparent fatha.|
From the previous example, we ask a question: who broke the cup? Yes, it’s the boy, and so the boy became the subject. Because he did, and he broke the cup.
- The glass shattered.
|Broke||The past is built on conquest.|
|glass||Actor already raised, and the raised sign Damma apparent.|
Certainly, a question came to your mind: what was broken? Without a doubt, the answer is: the glass is broken, but does the glass break on its own ?! Of course not, and therefore it is not correct to say that the subject here did it, because he did not break up on his own.إقرأ أيضا:بشكل مفصل:صحة التصديق وصيغتها وإجراءتها ومصاريفها
On the contrary, it is worth saying that the glass broke in it, which means that the subject was in it the action!
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We agreed that the subject should be raised in the sentence, so what are the diacritics that can be associated with it? Let’s see this in detail in the context of the Subject Matter Lesson in Authentic Arabic Grammar.
The subject and its analysis are raised:
- Vibrio phenomenon: It is if the subject is singular, or plural feminine salim, or plural taksir, the saheeh of the other.
Example: The teacher speaks, the students listen.
- Estimated vibrio: It is in the case where the subject is singular, or the combination of a fracture, the attack of the other.
Example: The judge ruled on the innocence of the maids.
- The thousand: If it came in pairs.
Example:The two students came, the two students left.إقرأ أيضا:تحميل برنامج ليبر اوفيس رايتر 2020 عربي مجاني مع شرح امبريس بيس
- WawThis is in the event that the offender has come to seek the recall of Salem.
Example: The faithful have come.
The author has cases that follow her, which we discuss together in the next paragraph:
- It comes in the form of a pronoun, of an object in the sentence.
Example: The boy kicks the ball.
- It comes in the form of a hidden pronoun, which is absent from the sentence, but understood from the context.
Example: The boy kicks the ball.
The subject here is a hidden pronoun, whose rating “he” refers to the boy, while the boy here expresses a raised subject and the sign of it raised the pronoun pronoun.
- It is a continuous pronoun.
Example: I played with the ball.
The T here is the subject of the speaker’s moving subject, and its analysis is: a continuous pronoun constructed instead of raising the subject.
Example: Whoever plays the ball has come.
What is expressed here: a constructed name, instead of raising the subject.
Example: I remembered this to work.
They are expressions: a name of a sign that is constructed, instead of raising a subject.
Read alsoLearn about Arabic prepositions and their meanings