معلومات عامه

Education in Finland as a holistic experience: why is it one of the best in the world?

التعليم في فنلندا كتجربة شاملة: لماذا هي واحدة من الأفضل في العالم؟


The Finns cherish the source of their wealth in education and science; Saying:

We don’t have oil, but we have education.

In fact, they are absolutely right about it, because the presence of oil does not allow it to be exploited, and the optimal means to create alternatives there which are provided by excellent education, are equal to its absence. Efficient and successful education is a way to develop in all fields of science and economics, even in the absence of underground wealth.

And that’s what I did Finland – This small Scandinavian country in northern Europe, ranked second stable country in the world and first in terms of health and education; Its education system has been crowned the best in the world.

What’s the secret behind it all? Let’s discover it together throughout the article.

In Finland, games are played before education in general, and the hourly volume is lower than you might think!

Education here is different and distinct from all systems because its schools are definitely not like the ones you attended, nor the ones your children will attend. They, across the country, follow one principle: Raising happy generations, making the most of their childhood.

إقرأ أيضا:طريقة رفع قضية تشهير

This is what made Finnish children love at school, and they do not escape them like the rest of the world, because it provided them with an atmosphere suited to their psyche and their needs.

Education before the age of seven is non-existent and the daycare system replaces it for infants and preschool for six children, which is not at all compulsory. After that, teaching started in public school for a period of 9 years (from the age of seven to sixteen), followed by high school for three years, then university.

Education in Finland

Perhaps the most important feature of the system, especially at the elementary stage, is the absence of homework, because their game is so sacred that they use it exclusively in all methods of education, and they aim to improve the child’s skills, critical thinking, quick wit and response. It is in addition to preparing him for life, teaching him something of everything: cooking, making, cleaning and crafts.

In addition, the effort to study is very small and is limited to the morning shift, and the students here they are not dispersed according to the academic level, as happens in European countries, because if the weak is placed on the weak side, there will be a level that has no added value, so how will the student evolve from his level then? How will he expand his horizons, his information and his skills?

إقرأ أيضا:Salama Moussa

As for the teaching staff, this is the other very distinctive, because all the teachers have masters in educational science, and are very highly qualified in the subject they are studying, and don’t ask me if the subject is elementary or secondary, so honestly, that division you are used to does not exist at all: all subjects Here are essential elements of piano math, all of which have special value and sufficient teaching time.

In addition, the teacher only teaches four hours a day, so that he can use the remaining time to develop teaching methods and attend to the students, as the curriculum is not standardized; The ministry sends the general perception of the annual program and leaves each school the freedom to implement it from the point of view of its own teachers, which has made the system as a whole fluid and sufficient space for innovation and creativity.

As for the relationship between the teacher and the student, it is very friendly, as the teacher asks to teach his students for five years, so that this period is enough to have a clear impact on their path, and students call their teachers by their names.

إقرأ أيضا:هل يجوز رفع قضيه فرز وتجنيب عقار غير مسجل بالشهر

Coming back to ourselves and our countries, long hours of study and lots of homework, and less games, so what was the result?

Education in Finnish schools: full points

It is said in the book (Finnish Lessons) by Dr Basie Saalberg – Pasi Sahlberg Who has been the first writer and theorist of Finnish teaching methods since 2000:

We must always remember the goals of education, the first of which is to build a good economy; The second is to preserve the culture of the country.

Finland’s excellent education system is perhaps what made it emerge victorious from the severe economic crisis it faced in the 90s of the last century, and then from competition from countries around the world. When the school creates people who are qualified to courageously face problems and try to solve them, and endowed with the skills of creative and innovative thinking to find solutions, it is here that the state economy benefits and is able to resist and develop permanently.

Education in Finland - Pasi Sahlberg
Dr Passy Salberg.

The doctor also believes that the strict methods and continued exaggeration in monitoring teachers and students and holding them accountable will bring nothing but further failures and failures, and he justifies this by the need to be careful. orient towards new contemporary means. According to him, these strategies are old and faded with the end of the cold war and the industrial revolution.

Development factors of the Finnish program according to the book

Education is less

The program believes that the morning hours are very sufficient for the special education of students and that the evening shift should be their right in order to broaden their interests outside of school and participate in social activities. This strategy has brought many benefits, as the Finnish pupil is the most productive, and the Finnish teacher is the most efficient and qualified, and the percentage of anxiety, sadness and depression has significantly decreased and, in back, the assessment of social life and health has increased there, making it second in the world.

Detailed information is unnecessary

The book contained a warning against the exploration of detailed information that is the prerogative of specialists in this field, and stressed the need to focus on the development of creative thinking, communication, work ethics and research. knowledge.

Education in Finland

In this context, let us quote what Michio Kaku said; The famous physicist who believes that the flaw in our education system starts mostly from high school by forcing students to memorize a lot of facts, figures and details and stuff information into their heads, which makes us think that conservation and science are the same in education as a whole. The physicist underlined that we are all born scientists and that we ask ourselves curious questions about the external environment, the formation of nature and the occurrence of phenomena, then that the faculty in us is crushed until it disappears, because of the bad and dangerous education system.

There are no exams

In Finland, schools acquire a special designation: A space without exams.

Officials in the education system believe that exams are not a definite determinant of a student’s level, so they are not conducted until ninth grade, as previously noted, and students do not pass no certificates of their grades, grades or divisional assessments such as (pass – fail). They explain this that the traditional assessment system affects the psyche of the student who has failed to complete a required degree and increases their stress even more, and that the purpose of education and school is to please and encourage the student, not frustrate him.

Now do you see why each of us should look for a way to study in Finland?

The Finnish system in a nutshell: simple – SIMPLE

The truth is that by far the remarkable success Finland has achieved in the field of education can expect very high and unimaginable possibilities, whether in the field of technology or even school engineering, and he may think that the teachers there are supernatural, but the reality is just the opposite!

Timothy Walker is an American writer and book author Teach like Finland – Teach like Finland He also expected what I mentioned above, so he went to schools across the country to be surprised that there was nothing wrong, and he summed up the Finnish curriculum in six words combined with the word EASY Which means simple, and these words are:

  • Reasonable – Sensitive: This means smooth and light teaching hours, which include a 15 minute break after 45 minutes of continuous teaching. If we compare the hourly volume for them with the volume in our Arab countries and even in the rest of Europe, we see the difference: 4 consecutive hours of study without taking a break, what should we expect?
  • Independent – Independent: This is illustrated by the independence of the student in the classroom and giving him complete freedom of behavior and comfort in communication with his colleagues and teachers. There are no solid tables, no uniform, and the teacher is a friend.
  • Modest – Modest: The system in Finland is very modest, contrary to what foreign teachers and pedagogues thought. Don’t expect the success of education to depend on the abundance of valuable tools and equipment and a huge increase in the budget allocated to it. Above all, a clear and viable long-term strategy to keep pace is needed, and this is what Finland has done!
  • Fun – Playful: We have mentioned this point since the beginning of the article, because play and fun must be adopted and integrated into the curriculum, according to this simple equation: play + study = a happy and scientifically qualified child.
  • Little tension – low stress level: And this by offering a calm environment and an environment suitable for the child, free from any stress and anxiety.
  • Fair – Fair: Education in Finland is free and accessible to all ages and residents, regardless of their background, and schools in Finland are all government-owned and have the same standard across the country. However, free education is not the only factor in its superiority, due to the dependence of many other countries on it, such as Algeria, but the results are of course different. The secret is therefore a series of integrated and unified strategies.

In conclusion, I cannot help but point out that the difference between the countries which occupy high ranks in the education system, the first of which is Finland, and the other countries which are lower, in particular our Arab countries; Do they invest in people, while we invest in walls!