Down syndrome Love syndrome, Is a condition in which a person is born with an extra chromosome, this chromosome causes a delay in the way the child develops mentally and physically, and also causes a difference between the physical characteristics and the medical problems of children associated with the Down syndrome, because some of them need more medical attention than their peers.
We may not be able to prevent Down syndrome, but it can be treated as the special case of a distinguished child, who is no different from his peers except in the need for more attention and care. Some parents may view the birth of a child with Down syndrome as a big responsibility for them to change the course of their lives and circumstances, but who looks on the full side of the cup, he finds that ‘a child with Down’s syndrome is a blessing and an angel from heaven, possessing talents, intelligence, abilities, dreams and abilities like any other child, and if they are receiving health and psychological care and a family and community conscience, its difference becomes distinctive in this society.
It was not so long ago that children with Down syndrome were not able to enroll in mainstream schools and receive lessons and education like other children, but today the situation has changed and children with Down syndrome are enrolled in local schools, and they receive a full educational program like the rest of the children, through which they learn to read and write at an early age. But they need the attention and support of teachers and parents to help their wonderful hearts flourish and become natural members of this community. Children with Down syndrome may need more time in school than their peers, but they will eventually be able to study, work, form personal relationships, and integrate into society.إقرأ أيضا:Black tea or coffee! Which is better and decide harm to consumption?
Writing counting children with Down’s syndrome
There is no specific time to start Teaching children with Down’s syndrome Writing, due to some of the difficulties and problems that children with Down syndrome have in the ability to write due to the decrease in muscle tension and strength in the hands and fingers, and this delay Motor skills cause delays in other skills, so you first need to develop the ability to hold the pen and control the way letters are formed and written. correct.
Children with Down’s syndrome, like ordinary children, vary in their ability to write, some of them learn better than their peers, so you need to take into account the student’s mental age, not time, and gradually teach the easy to difficult writing, with repetition, encouragement and perseverance, and bringing in an occupational therapy specialist to prepare plans for incorporating motor side activities My day is important in the child’s program. And prepare an individual action plan for the child that takes into account his strengths and that suits his psychological and physical development, so that he can integrate with his peers at school.
Reading in Children with Down Syndrome
Learning letters and sounds can be complicated for children with Down syndrome because spoken language is delayed due to physical issues such as poor hearing and poor eyesight, resulting in a delay in learning. acquisition of the phonemic system and receptive language skills necessary to produce speech, so the child must first be trained in phonetics, which are skills of pre-writing and reading. Children with Down syndrome begin to be instructed to read at the volume level at first, as they are able to mix sounds and increase vocabulary, then work on spelling individual words until that they can read complete sentences like any normal child, and many experiments have been successful in teaching Down’s children to read individual words. From an early age, using memory cards, visual cues and computers, as tactile input introduces individual letters and improves phonemic understanding.إقرأ أيضا:فروع قانون الاحوال الشخصية
The reading instructions can also be divided into manageable parts, with many pauses, in addition to teaching gradually, building lessons on what the student has previously learned with an emphasis on visual things, to make l clear and understandable information.
When iDown’s child learned to read Very early on, he acquires more vocabulary and his self-confidence increases with his language skills, and reading with sign language helps him overcome difficulties in producing speech.
Mathematics in children with Down’s syndrome
Despite the pitfalls that a Down’s child faces in learning math due to defects in sequencing and short-term memory, this can be overcome by using certain methods that develop their educational strength, as children with Down’s syndrome Down are often visual learners because they benefit from hands-on learning to support the math skills they learn. , Such as using small toys and statues to enhance number learning. In addition, the use of mathematics in daily interactions can be as useful as the realistic calculation of coins.
In order for the child to fully appreciate what he is learning, it is necessary to create opportunities to distinguish differences in size, shape and quantity and to integrate the journal with the introduction of new concepts.إقرأ أيضا:قضية بوسي
General strategies for teaching a child with Down’s syndrome
- Give it more timeTwo children with Down’s syndrome do not have the same cognitive abilities, because it takes more time for a child than the others to understand the information and keep it in memory, it is therefore necessary to help him to repeat what he has learned during the course. of the lesson through group exercises.
- Help him focusBy dividing the teaching sessions into intervals proportional to the child’s comprehension, most of Down’s children find it difficult to concentrate for a long time, so don’t let him sit by the window or the window. door, and try to reduce the noise that distracts him and help him use his fingers and follow well.
- Combine it with its peers: And support him to strengthen the relationships around him through cooperative roles and student participation, so that he mixes well with his peers, increases his self-confidence and reduces his anxiety and introversion.
- Absorb any physical weaknessHelp him get the most out of the lesson by recording the lessons so that they become available later, especially if he has a hearing or visual impairment.
- Always encourage him: Because he needs more effort to achieve the same results as his peers, so he also needs more encouragement, reassurance and praise to develop further and persevere with confidence and happiness.
to have A child with love syndrome It means you have one arm that surrounds you for life, her sweet gaze as if you are all her things with her smile patting your exhausted shoulder, to teach you lessons of love and beauty, and bring joy to you. his palms as if sprinkling jasmine everywhere he goes.